At Ramal Gardening and Landscaping, we are aware of what it means to truly, effectively fight against pests and diseases while also being respectful of the environment.
Ramal is a pioneer in the application of phytosanitary treatments using plant endotherapy.
- What is plant endotherapy?
- How do you carry out plant endotherapy?
- What benefits does plant endotherapy give us compared to sprays?
- What pests is plant endotherapy effective for?
- What tools are used for endotherapy?
What is plant endotherapy?
The plant endotherapy is an alternative method of phytosanitary treatment for trees with a minimal environmental impact. It consists of injecting the nutritious or phytosanitary product directly into the vascular system of the plant (basically in the xylem).
The endotherapy works from the capacity of the flow of sap that is inside the vascular tissues, which is determined depending on perspiration and its ability of osmotic exchange of the roots. If these two variables are working, the treatment will have optimal success.
With endotherapy, each species and pest is given strict action protocols that ensure efficiency and minimize the damage to plants.
It is essential that this type of treatment be carried out by specialized companies because it requires a lot of knowledge of plant physiology and biology of pests and diseases.
How do you carry out plant endotherapy?
Before starting treatment, an exhaustive inspection of the specimen must be carried out to determine the pathophysiological state.
Afterwards, they will make a series of perforations around the parameter of the trunk of the tree (the number of perforations will be determined by the perimeter and the species being treated, though normally there is one every 30 – 40cm.) and they place the valves which are inserted with a hammer. Once the valves are placed, a dose of the product is injected into each of them, which is quickly assimilated and translocated to the entire system of the plant.
What benefits does plant endotherapy give us compared to sprays?
Endotherapy has a series of advantages, like;
- Efficiency: the tree quickly absorbs the dose of the injected product, though this will depend on the species and its state. By injecting directly into the tree sap, we ensure that the distribution of the product is uniform and the dose is adequate, which guarantees an immediate and positive reaction.
- Long lasting: On many occasions, one application is enough to fix the pest or disease problem and the product stays in the vascular system for a long time, sometimes even 1 year.
- Selective treatment: it works only against phytophagous insects as it only eliminates those that feed off the plant damaging it. This way it respects the other plants, which can be beneficial.
- Respectful of the environment: injecting the product directly into the tree trunk does not have any environmental impact.
- Innocuous for people and animals: the same as the previous point, with this treatment we protect the health of people and animals.
- Null or low consumption of water: the opposite of what happens with sprays, which require preparing a broth (a mix of water and phytosanitary product), the plant endotherapy applies the product without needing to mix it with water.
- No restrictions: there are some areas where they can’t carry out phytosanitary treatments with sprays (hospitals, schools, parks, playgrounds…), so plant endotherapy is a better treatment in these types of areas.
- Weather: it can be done without paying attention to weather conditions (rain, wind…) unlike with sprays.
- No geographic limitations: with this method, we can reach difficult to reach trees.
What pests is plan endotherapy effective for?
At our gardening and landscaping department, we have checked the efficiency of this method in the fight against and prevention of the red weevil in palm trees (Rhynchophorus ferrugineus), as well as for Pine Processionary (Thaumetopoea pityocampa), as well as being endorsed by a number of scientific studies.
- Red weevil in palm trees: it is very difficult to detect the presence of this pest because the symptoms usually become visible 12-24 months after infestation, which is why it is recommended to do yearly endotherapy treatments or one in spring and one at the end of the summer.
- Pine processionary: this pest, aside from damaging the tree, is an elevated danger for people and animals due to the stinging hairs of the caterpillars. In urban areas, it is very important to have exhaustive prevention. The optimal time to carry out the endotherapy treatment is between September and October because it is when the caterpillars climb the trees to build their cocoons before the cold arrives. The product stays in the vascular ducts for one year, so one yearly treatment during the optimal time is enough.
If you are interested in testing or learning more about plant endotherapy in Alicante city or province, don’t hesitate to contact us.